An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen

Personality

By Robert B. Ewen

Meant as an higher point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character idea, character, or psychology of character. It offers an creation to the information of an important character theorist

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Freud concludes that most of personality and mental activity is unconscious and cannot be called to mind even with great effort. Information that is not conscious at a given moment, but which can readily become so, is described as preconscious. The preconscious is much closer to the conscious than to the unconscious because it is largely within our control. (See Freud, 1923/1962, pp. 5, 10; 1915/1963g, pp. ) THE STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY Freud originally defined the structure of personality in terms of the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious (the topographic model).

Freud concludes that most of personality and mental activity is unconscious and cannot be called to mind even with great effort. Information that is not conscious at a given moment, but which can readily become so, is described as preconscious. The preconscious is much closer to the conscious than to the unconscious because it is largely within our control. (See Freud, 1923/1962, pp. 5, 10; 1915/1963g, pp. ) THE STRUCTURE OF PERSONALITY Freud originally defined the structure of personality in terms of the unconscious, preconscious, and conscious (the topographic model).

608; 1905/1963b, p. 136; 1906/1963k; 1916–1917/1966, p. ) As an illustration, let us consider one of Freud’s less successful (but more instructive) cases. In hysteria, psychological difficulties are unconsciously converted into physical symptoms. An 18-year-old girl, given the pseudonym of Dora, suffered from hysterical nervous coughing and the occasional loss of her voice. Dora’s unresolved Oedipal conflicts stemmed in part from an overindulgent father, who tried to compensate for an unhappy marriage by making her his confidante at an early age.

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