Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks by Stela Manova
By Stela Manova
This quantity advances our realizing of ways be aware constitution when it comes to affix ordering is equipped within the languages of the area. A primary factor in linguistic concept, affix ordering gets a lot recognition among the study neighborhood, notwithstanding so much reviews take care of just one language. against this, the vast majority of the chapters during this quantity reflect on a couple of language and supply info from typologically varied languages, a few of that are tested for the 1st time. Many chapters specialize in instances of affix ordering that problem linguistic concept with such phenomena as affix repetition and variable ordering, either one of that are proven to be neither infrequent nor normal in basic terms of lesser-studied languages with risky grammatical association, as formerly assumed. The booklet additionally deals an specific dialogue at the non-existence of phonological affix ordering, with a spotlight on cellular affixation, and one at the emergence of affix ordering in baby language, the 1st of its type within the literature. Repetitive operations, bad in lots of theories, are common in early baby language and appear to function trainings for morphological decomposition and affix stacking. therefore, the amount additionally increases vital questions concerning the basic structure of grammar and the character and negative effects of our theoretical assumptions.
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Extra resources for Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks
Nonderived verbs in (40a) and (41a) are unambiguous. (40) a. farida beš minut-xa xalı zırt-tı. ’ b. alim beš minut-xa farida-ʁa xalı zırt-tır-dı. 3sg 1. ’ 2. ’ 3. ’ lejla-ʁa acuuʁa xalı (41) a. farida zırt-tı. ’ lejla-ʁa acuuʁa farida-ʁa xalı b. alim zırt-tır-dı. 3sg 1. ’ 2. ’ When it comes to the negation, one can observe that nonderived transitives are two-way ambiguous (cf. (35) above) whereas the range of interpretations of causatives is much wider. (42) a. farida xalı zırt-ma-dı. ’ 1. Farida did not do anything.
Recursive Passivization of b and c via R leads to trouble (for example, leads to inconsistency or prevents from assigning an interpretation to d), the speaker has the option of reanalyzing the meaning of b or c (coercing the meaning of b or c into a different meaning) in order to apply R to form the meaning of d. (Zucchi 1998) Coercion occurs if two elements we want to combine do not have matching meanings, and one of them gets reanalyzed. It follows, then, that coercion cannot occur without motivation; it has always to be activated by a certain trigger.
3sg 1. ’ 2. , Kratzer 2005). (18) is illicit if the activity and the change of state are mediated by other events. For instance, Alim asking his friend to break a branch, his friend taking a hammer and hitting the branch, and the branch finally breaking would be an impossible scenario for (23). Compare the causal passive in (24). (24) butaq (alim-ni küc-ü ble) sın-ıl-dı. 3sg 1. ’ 2. 1 Causatives and Causal Passives of Intransitives Unaccusative Causative Causal passive Unergative Causative Causal passive Type of causation Direct Direct Indirect Indirect Scope of time-span and rate adverbials Unambiguous Unambiguous Three-way Ambiguous Three-way Ambiguous Interpretation of agent-oriented adverbials Unambiguous Unambiguous Two-way Ambiguous Two-way Ambiguous Scope of negation Two-way Ambiguous Two-way Ambiguous Three-way Ambiguous Three-way Ambiguous Recursive Passivization Native speakers’ judgments are very consistent: abstracting away from transitivity, (24) has precisely the same meaning as (23), the one of direct causation with no intermediate events in a causal chain connecting the agent’s activity and the change of state.