Advances in Insect Physiology, Vol. 16 by M.J. Berridge, J.E. Treherne, V.B. Wigglesworth (Eds.)

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By M.J. Berridge, J.E. Treherne, V.B. Wigglesworth (Eds.)

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Extra resources for Advances in Insect Physiology, Vol. 16

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There will of course be many determinants of a particular insect’s activities, including intrinsic timing factors and external fiatures such as food availability and the behaviour of mates or predators; in the best of the available works all of these considerations can be interlinked. 1 COLEOPTERA Some of the most elegant and comprehensive studies of environmental physiology yet available have concerned the lives of beetles, particularly the desert tenebrionids and their strategies for maintaining a favourable hygro- M I C R O C L I M A T E S A N D E N V l R 0 N M E N T A L P H Y SI 0 L O G Y 33 thermal state.

Three successive instances of droplet extrusion by honey-bees are shown, cooling the thorax by up to 5°C. (From Heinrich, 1980b) An alternative approach is an increased opening of the spiracles, allowing moisture loss; this occurs in heat-stressed tsetse flies (Edney and Barrass, 1962), and also in dragonflies (Miller, 1962) and locusts (Loveridge, 1968b; Weis-Fogh, 1967). In all these cases, water loss must be less critical than the alternative of heat overload. The behaviour patterns are rarely seen below about 35”C, so that microclimate has a direct initiating effect in at least some of these examples.

Ins. Physiol. 19, 1801-1816 Church, N. S. (1960a). Heat loss and the body temperature of flying insects. I. Heat loss by evaporation of water from the body. J. exp. Biol. 37, 171-185 Church, N. S. (1960b). Heat loss and the body temperature of flying insects. 11. Heat conduction within the body and its loss by radiation and convection. J. exp. Biol. 37, 186212 Clark, J. , Cena, K. and Mills, N. J . (1973). Radiative temperatures of butterfly wings. 2. angew. Entomol. 73, 327-332 Clench, H. K. (1966).

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