Adjectives, Number and Interfaces (North-Holland Linguistic by D. Bouchard
By D. Bouchard
A learn of why languages differ the way in which they do within the area of adjectival amendment in French as contrasted with different Indo-European languages (English, Celtic, Walloon, Romanian, Italian). Rejecting prior famous analyses by way of syntactic move to numerous sensible heads, the writer proposes a version within which exterior houses of interfaces are the principles from which the difference is derived. proscribing seriously the technical gear of syntax, the writer argues that the homes of quantity on the interfaces are proven to supply an easy and special resolution for longstanding difficulties of compositionality raised by way of adjectival amendment. there's additionally a unified research of the numerous different houses concerned. The version presents a principled rationalization of the difference bearing on nominals with no determiners (bare NPs) and determiners with no nominals (clitics).
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Argument-marking, morphological partitives were the subject of language particular reports, whereas no cross-linguistic or typological analyses were performed. considering person partitives of other languages were studied, there exists a foundation for a extra cross-linguistic process. the aim of this publication is to fill the distance and to collect study on partitives in numerous languages.
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Extra info for Adjectives, Number and Interfaces (North-Holland Linguistic Series: Linguistic Variations)
19 A common noun expresses a property—for instance 'dog'—which defines a set whose extension corresponds to the ideal generated by the totality of the individuals—in this case, the totality of dogs. So the common noun dog has the semantics of a Kind, which can be modelled as a stabilized, conventionalized set. As indicated by Chierchia (1998), at this level where the property defines a Kind, singulars and plurals are not distinguishable: Fido is as good an example of 'dog' as Fido and Barky are.
As indicated by Chierchia (1998), at this level where the property defines a Kind, singulars and plurals are not distinguishable: Fido is as good an example of 'dog' as Fido and Barky are. 20 This grammaticalization of a set by an N induces interpretations that do not distinguish between mass-count or singular-plural. So a significant for TOMATO at this level of grammaticalization does not distinguish between a tomato, the tomato, some tomatoes, the tomatoes, or tomato as a mass. Given the usefulness of such distinctions in identitying more precisely the participants in the event, most languages have a second level of grammaticalization regarding the means to "atomize" the set defined by a common noun.
Ii Superimposition: B is a modulation superimposed on A, such as intonations to express grammatical functions in tone languages. iii Dependent Marking: the dependent gets a marking, such as Case marking. iv Head Marking: the head is marked, as in predicate marking (polysynthetic languages). Marking is actually Juxtaposition or Superimposition at the word level instead of the phrasal level. 16 These ways of expressing a relational "meaning" are equivalent, all are equally valid. As expected, languages vary in which of these modes they use to express semantic relations.