A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish by Christine Ekholst

Women In History

By Christine Ekholst

A Punishment for every legal is the 1st in-depth research of the way gender prompted Swedish medieval legislation. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislations codes steadily and erratically brought girls as attainable perpetrators for all severe crimes. The legislation display that legislators not just anticipated women and men to devote varieties of crimes; in addition they punished women and men in numerous methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation continuously stipulated assorted equipment of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, ladies have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every felony explores the heritage to the $64000 legislative adjustments that came about while girls have been made individually accountable for their very own crimes.

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Additional resources for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law

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It is very hard to know anything about the system of inheritance in Sweden prior to the thirteenth century; however, it has been assumed that female right to inheritance was secondary in older times. 70 This system can be found in two of the provincial laws: the Older Västgöta Law and the Dala Law. In turn, the Östgöta Law refers to this system as ‘the old law’ and regulates how to deal with cases when the inheritance had been divided according to the old system rather than the new one. 72 In the countryside (with the exception of the laws mentioned above), the female right to inheritance was half of a man’s, which meant that if there were both a daughter and a son in the family, the daughter inherited one-third and the son inherited two-thirds.

In some cases the injuries happened when the man tried to oust the cattle or the horse and hurt the animal or hit it “worse than he wanted to”. 33 Provisions regarding mutilation of animals are common and sometimes disturbingly detailed. 34 The frequency of these provisions reveals an ulterior aggressiveness as well as vindictiveness in the local community. These examples are hard to understand if they are not interpreted within the context of an honour culture. They all seem to assume some kind of prior infraction that has led to the determination to destroy another person’s property.

This had its origin in a view that all consequences and damages should and could be measured.

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