A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language by J. A. Haywood, H. M. Nahmad


By J. A. Haywood, H. M. Nahmad

- the fundamental research advisor to Arabic grammar
-- a real vintage within the field.

In addition to Qur'an choices, fables, tales, newspaper extracts, letters, and excerpts from classical and smooth Arabic writings are incorporated. The e-book includes fifty two chapters with a vocabulary of over 4,000 words.

It will function a foundation for extra and deeper examine of this classical language and its literature; whilst it is going to support to shape an excellent origin in the event you desire to pay attention to the trendy written language of literature and the day-by-day press.

This is notably a pragmatic grammar. it truly is intended for the newbie who's no longer accustomed to the peculiarities of the Semetic languages. however, it really is finished sufficient for many scholars' wishes within the first or 3 years of analysis.

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Extra info for A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language

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Diese Erscheinung kann auf Härtung oder Verfestigung durch das Recken und auf nachfolgendes Ausglühen, auf Formänderungsträgheit usw. zurückzuführen sein. Es ist auch möglich, daß der Punkt G bei gewissen Werkstoffen unter Dauerbelastung noch näher an den Punkt B heranrückt. Zur Veranschaulichung der praktischen Bedeutung der zur Zeit noch herrschenden Verhältnisse sei noch auf folgendes hingewiesen. Die deutschen Bauvorschriften für Landdampfkessel enthalten für die Berechnung der Blechdicken zylindrischer Dampfkesselwandungen mit innerem Überdruck folgende Gleichung 8 = px D 200 K.

Streckgrenze" 20° C . " " 500° C: " Belastungsdauer 1 Stunde. 4 Stunden 32 1160 39 kgjmm 2 24 12,6 9,3 7,0 < 6,0 Die Streckgrenze ist hiernach bei langer Versuchsdauer auf weniger als Yz des bei gewöhnlicher Versuchsdauer erlangten Betrages gesunken und auf weniger als 14 des Betrages für gewöhnliche Temperatur von rd. 20° C. Aber auch die Dauerstandfestigkeitszahlen besitzen, so wertvoll die ihnen innewohnenden Aufschlüsse an sich sind, den bereits berührten Mangel, daß sie nur die Belastung angeben, bei deren Überschreitung langdauernde Belastung zum Bruch führt, nicht aber die Belastung, welche den Konstrukteur in erster Linie interessiert, nämlich die Belastung, welche beliebig lange wirken kann, ohne daß unzulässige bleibende Formänderungen entstehen; analog dem Begriff "Dauerstandfestigkeit" wäre diese Beanspruchung mit "Da uer- 28 Verhalten von gewöhnlichen unlegierten Kesselbaustählen bei Zugversuchen.

1,8%, betrug, also einen Betrag ausmachte, der weit über dem liegt, was als zulässige bleibende Formänderung bei Konstruktionsteilen in Frage kommen kann. Besprechung der Zugversuche bei höherer Temperatur. 27 Hiernach bringen weder die Werte der cre ep limit, der Kriechgrenze, oder diejenigen der Dauerstandfestigkeit, noch die bei üblicher Versuchsdauer erlangten Streckgrenzenwerte diejenige. Widerstandsfähigkeit des Werkstoffes bei höheren Temperaturen zum Ausdruck, welche der Konstrukteur kennen muß.

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