A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands by Kazuko Obata
By Kazuko Obata
This grammar of Bilua, a revision of the author's PhD thesis, is the 1st entire description of the language. Bilua is spoken on Vella los angeles Vella island within the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. in response to the 1976 census there are approximately eighty five vernacular languages indigenous to the Solomon Islands. the vast majority of those are Austronesian, yet between them are 4 Papuan languages, one among that's Bilua.
The grammar provided here's in line with the dialect of the Bilua region, that's considered as common via area people, most likely simply because Methodist missionaries who arrived early within the 20th century seemed it because the language of the island.
In the prior, the Austronesian language Roviana was once used as a lingua franca within the zone and so older humans on Vella los angeles Vella communicate Roviana in addition to Bilua. even though, the position of Roviana has been taken over by way of Solomon Islands Pidgin that is utilized in basic faculties and in church ceremonies that are relevant to the lives of individuals in Vella l. a. Vella. there's a excessive expense of intermarriage among Vella l. a. Vella humans and folks from different islands and combined converse in Bilua, Pidgin, or one of many different Solomons languages. Pidgin phrases are combined into Bilua and occasionally humans swap from one language to a different of their speech. therefore the Bilua language is altering end result of the impression of Pidgin, and, even if the inhabitants of Vella l. a. Vella is expanding speedily, Bilua is endangered.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands (Pacific Linguistics)
These specifiers are defined as 'equidistant' from lower positions. Thus, in principle one could propose that adverbs occupy one of these multiple specifiers (cf. Xydopoulos 1995). However, I will claim that each head can license only one (if any) maximal projection under feature matching. If this were not the case, then no interesting conclusions could be drawn concerning crosslinguistic differences in word order. g. in German seems quite problematic for a non restrictive approach to adjunction.
Fanselow 1991 and Ferguson & Groat 1993). 13 . Auxiliaries, as opposed to main verbs, can move in English (cf. Pollock 1989: 368). 14 . This situation is quite similar to the difference between attributive vs. predicative adjectives or other XPs in Italian (data from Cinque 1993b): (i) a. * I sostenitori fedeli alla causa di Gianni sono pochi the supporters faithful to the cause of John are few b. I sostenitori di Gianni fedeli alla causa sono pochi c. Lui è stato diversamente (*da voi) sistemato He has been differently from you put up d.
Match ing/Agreement is performed under strict locality requirements. A maximal projection a agrees with a head ß only if it is the specifier of ß (α= ZP in (12)). A head a agrees with a head ß only if a is adjoined to ß and ß must be a functional head (cf. Zwart 1993). e. the features of a must be non-distinct from the features of ß in the case of Spec-head Matching. Mismatching terminates the derivation: ANTISYMMETRY AND THE MINIMALIST PROGRAM 29 In such a system, Licensing can potentially be re-interpreted as moving of the lexical elements from the lexical domain, more precisely from the complement domain of a lexical head, to the functional domain and in checking whether the respective features match.