A descriptive grammar of Huastec (Potosino dialect) by Barbara Wedemeyer Edmonson
By Barbara Wedemeyer Edmonson
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Additional info for A descriptive grammar of Huastec (Potosino dialect)
Rcàa’ah “takes, gets” Another set of elements that may precede verb stems in SLQZ are directional markers. These markers, reduced forms of the verbs “come” and “go”, give the meanings “comes to V” and “goes to V”, respectively : 83. rgye’eht “plays” 84. ri’cye’eht “goes to play” 85. ra’uh “eats” 86. ri’dta’u “comes to eat” 87. ri’ta’u “goes to eat” 26 1 An Introduction to San Lucas Quiaviní Zapotec Directional markers precede morphological causative stems: 88. 6 Postverbal Affixes A larger, more varied set of elements may follow the verb stem in SLQZ.
Prox tortillas “They might be eating more tortillas” -Zhya’ expresses epistemic probability; I have thus glossed it “might” in the examples above. As the preceding examples show, more than one adverbial expression may attach to a verb. They always appear, however, in fixed order in relation to each other:-zhya’ , for instance, always follows adverbial morphemes such as -ag, “still”, and -ru’, “more”. )(causative) ROOT (sec. clitic) In Chapter 3, I show that this ordering of verbal morphemes poses problems for generally accepted theories on verb movement and how morpheme order reflects underlying syntactic structure.
A consequence of this definition is that c-command relations may be bidirectional and structures 44 2 Background and Theoretical Assumptions may be symmetric. For instance, in a structure such as (33) both A and B c-command each other: 33. C D B A The possibility of bidirectional c-command is problematic for the theory of antisymmetry. If linear ordering and hierarchical order are strictly correlated, and if hierarchical order is defined by c-command relations, then a structure such as the one above, coupled with the preceding definition of c-command, would wrongly predict both that B precedes A (since B ccommands A) and A precedes B (since A c-commands B).